Though many people may see a vein disorder as purely cosmetic, untreated vein disorders can have adverse consequences that may be dangerous to your health. Many people who don’t seek treatment for their vein disease will experience continued and exacerbated symptoms.
Signs and symptoms of a vein disorder
The severity of symptoms caused by vein disease will depend on your individual case. Symptoms, which primarily develop within the legs, include:
- Tired, achy legs
- Painful or “heavy” legs
- Darkening of the skin
- Numbness and cramping
- Itching or irritated rash
- White atrophy (white, ulcerated plaque on the skin)
- Dermatitis (skin inflammation)
- Stasis dermatitis (lower leg inflammation)
Complications that can affect your health
Vein disorders are progressive and will only worsen over time without treatment. Vein disease can lead to complications like edema, hyperpigmentation, venous ulcers, spontaneous bleeding, superficial thrombophlebitis, and deep vein thrombosis.
Severe leg swelling (edema)
Severe swelling of the leg (edema) is a sign that the vein valves are not transporting the blood back to the heart properly. When this occurs, the blood pools in the leg, resulting in higher than normal pressure (venous hypertension), causing the leg to swell.
Increased pressure on the diseased veins can lead to blood leakage into the tissues of the leg, causing painful swelling. As this continues over time, the skin can become damaged, dark and discolored.
Venous leg ulcers
Venous leg ulcers are painful, raw, shallow wounds that can develop over time from long-term buildup of fluid in the tissues. They often occur near the ankle and begin as a discolored spot on the skin.
Spontaneous bleeding from the veins can also occur as a result of vein disease. As the skin over the veins thins out over time, the vein can be exposed and easily injured by clothing, and even your bedding, causing unexpected bleeding.
Superficial thrombophlebitis (ST)
Superficial thrombophlebitis (ST) occurs when a vein becomes inflamed just below the surface of the skin, caused by decreased blood flow, damage to the vein, or clotting. ST is characterized by skin discoloration, swelling, pain, and a vein that is firm, tender, or warm.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a vein becomes inflamed in a deep vein, caused by decreased blood flow, damage to the vein, or clotting and can result in serious complications, including sudden death. One of the first signs of DVT is a painful “pulling” sensation in the calf. Symptoms can also be warmth, redness and swelling of the area.
If you’re unsure of the severity of your vein disorder, call the vein specialists at Northern Illinois Vein Clinic today. They can diagnose your condition and develop a treatment plan that’s right for you. Call (877) 999-7912 today.