If you suffer from vein disease, you’re probably familiar with the embarrassing and painful signs and symptoms that come with the condition. You may have asked yourself why you’ve developed vein disease, or if there was something you could have done to prevent it. There are many reasons why you may be suffering from vein disease, and you’re not alone.
What is vein disease?
Vein disease, also called venous insufficiency, can manifest in many forms. The most visible and common indicators of venous insufficiency are spider veins and varicose veins. Though spider veins typically don’t exhibit any symptoms other than their spider-web appearance, varicose veins can be extremely painful and cause symptoms like:
- Burning, throbbing or cramping in the legs
- Tired, achy or heavy feelings in the legs
- Itchy feelings around the veins
- Skin surface ulcers on the lower legs (only in very severe cases)
What can cause vein disease?
There are many factors that can contribute to vein disease, but most are associated with increased pressure in — or damage to — the veins. They include:
- Heredity or family history of varicose veins
- Standing or sitting for long durations of time
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause
- Wearing tight undergarments or clothes in midsection
- Medical history of blood clots
- Injury to the veins
- Straining or chronic constipation
- Certain health conditions like phlebitis, blood clots or congenital abnormalities
Fortunately, there are some things you can do on your own to help reduce your risk or lessen symptoms caused by vein disease.
Elevate the legs
When resting, prop your legs up with a pillow or recliner chair to prevent the blood from pooling in your ankles and calves. This will help take the pressure off the veins and promote healthy circulation.
Incorporating regular physical exercise into your routine will help improve your circulation and blood flow. Cardio exercise like brisk walking, swimming or cycling are great options.
A diet consisting of low-salt foods will reduce your risk of high blood pressure, which can increase your risk for developing vein disease. Try cooking with salt-free seasoning and avoid processed foods that can contain high levels of sodium.
Avoid prolonged sitting or standing
Prolonged sitting or standing, often due to your occupation, can put increased pressure on your veins. If you plan on sitting or standing for a long time, be sure get up and move at least once every hour.
Maintain a healthy weight
Low muscle mass and high body-fat content can add pressure and decrease the natural support to the veins. Be sure to consume a healthy, balance diet and incorporate regular exercise.
For more information on vein disease, give the vein specialists a call today at Northern Illinois Vein Clinic today at (815) 315-1894 to schedule an appointment.